A comparison of amundsens and scotts expeditions to antarctica

Scott's daily marches were limited to the endurance of the slowest team, the man-haulers who were instructed to advance 15 miles a day; the ponies marched by night and rested when the sun was warmer, Meares remained idle in camp with the much faster dogs for many hours, before catching up at the end of the day.

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At all hazards three X. For one distance where Amundsen laid seven depots, Scott laid only two. Before setting off for the Pole, the British team probably already had nutritional deficiencies.

Furthermore, the tailwind which they had expected to aid them home did not appear. But while there is evidence to support the low temperatures, there is only evidence for a "normal" two- to four-day blizzard, and not the ten days that Scott claims.

Scott and amundsen

Exactly why Amundsen's team completed the return journey with comparative ease and Scott's party died has been the source of fierce debate ever since. Skiing at the pace of a dog team is a strenuous activity, yet Amundsen never complained about the clothing being too hot. The Scott Expedition will be using skis that are designed for competition ski mountaineering. As Evans was junior in rank to Skelton, he insisted that Skelton could not come on the expedition. I wonder if we can do it. Scott could have left the samples at one of the cairns along the way to be picked up later. The British party was not so skilled at skiing and had little experience of how to adapt skis to different kinds of terrain. Amundsen's team also wore natural fur. Scott was appointed to lead two official British expeditions to the Antarctic and always planned his voyages in the gaze of an inquisitive media.

While benefiting from a century of innovation in polar equipment, "we're going to be hauling significantly heavier loads," Saunders said. It's a miserable jumble. Meares [the dog-driver] had a bad trip home I suppose.

first expedition to antarctica

As Evans was junior in rank to Skelton, he insisted that Skelton could not come on the expedition. The duo has gone to extreme lengths to reduce weight—cutting off clothing labels, replacing metal zip-pullers with nylon loops, trimming the corners off freeze-dried food packets, drilling holes in toothbrush handles, and so on.

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Well, four of the five did, as Stone pointed out. Scott would subsequently complain in his diary, while well into his journey and therefore too late to take any corrective action and after over 10 years since the Discovery expedition, that "Skis are the thing, and here are my tiresome fellow countrymen too prejudiced to have prepared themselves for the event". The outcomes of the two expeditions were as follows. Their relatively small hooves and large weight caused them to sink into anything other than very firm snow or ice. Further, unlike dogs which could eat the abundant seal and penguin meat found in Antarctica, the ponies' food had to be carried forward from the ship, vastly increasing the stores that had to be transported as Scott's expedition moved towards the pole. Saunders and L'Herpiniere will be protected by high-tech mountaineering clothing with outer fabrics that have been specially tailored for the Antarctic's dry environment. On 13 February, Atkinson set off on the first lap southwards to Hut Point with the dog assistant, Dimitri Gerov, and the dogs to avoid being cut off by disintegrating sea ice. Amundsen picked 19 men for his Fram expedition but only nine wintered at Framheim meaning 'home of the Fram' , the hut they built on the ice shelf. This was exhausting work, but he believed it was more noble and less cruel than using animals. While benefiting from a century of innovation in polar equipment, "we're going to be hauling significantly heavier loads," Saunders said. In fact the mules were used by the team that discovered the dead bodies of Scott, Henry Robertson Bowers , and Edward Adrian Wilson in November , but proved even less useful than the ponies, according to Cherry-Garrard. As a nation, Norway pioneered skiing and Amundsen deliberately included a skiing champion, Olav Bjaaland, in his party. Navigation Amundsen used prepared navigation sheets that simplified the calculations for his team when they were tired and cold. Scott wrote, in his final "Message to the Public": " To make the most of the dogs he paced them and deliberately kept daily mileages shorter than he need have for 75 percent of the journey, [19] and his team spent up to 16 hours a day resting, his dogs could eat seals and penguins hunted in the Antarctic while Scott's pony fodder had to be brought all the way from England in their ship.

At all hazards three X. Amundsen and his men were eating fresh seal and penguin meat which, unknown to anyone at that time, contained enough vitamin C to prevent scurvy.

Robert scott

However, the depot-laying trips of January and February and an abortive departure to the South Pole on 8 September allowed changes to be made before it was too late. On their return to the Ross Ice Shelf, Scott's group experienced prolonged low temperatures from 27 February until 10 March which have only been matched once in 15 years of current records; [15] the exceptional severity of the weather meant they failed to make the daily distances they needed to get to the next depot. Dogs in contrast do not have sweat glands—they cool themselves via panting, making them less vulnerable to the cold. Half of the distance was intended to be covered by man-hauling and sails whenever conditions permitted. The dogs were also part of the Norwegian's meal plan and at Butcher's Camp, about half way to the Pole, enough dogs were killed to feed the hungry men and the rest of the dogs. He wrote in his journal: ' The party had skis but were too inexperienced to make good use of them.

Amundsen's team had plenty of fuel due to better planning and soldered fuel cans. The Amundsen party gained weight on their return travel from the South Pole.

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Diagram of Amundsen and Scott’s polar expeditions