Some of Asnaes' surplus heat was supplied to the town's heating scheme, reducing the number of domestic oil burning systems in use. It views industrial sites as part of a wider ecology rather than an external, solitary entity.
MIT Press. Industrial Ecology Industrial ecology aims to reduce the environmental impact of industry by examining material and energy flows in products, processes, industrial sectors, and economies.
Industry Partnerships Since the 's several industries in Denmark have supplied or sold by products and wastes to other industries. Scale of Operation Industrial ecology is best implemented within a reasonable transport distance between industries.
Surplus heat was also used to heat the water of Asnaes' commercial fish farm.
The principles of industrial ecology as defined by Tibbs are: Create industrial ecosystems - close the loop; view waste as a resource; create partnerships with other industries to trade by-products which are used as inputs to other processes.
Balance industrial inputs and outputs to natural levels - manage the environmental-industrial interface; increase knowledge of ecosystem behaviour, recovery time and capacity; increase knowledge of how and when industry can interact with natural ecosystems and the limitations.
Maintenance Disposal The transport necessary between these stages is also taken into account as well as, if relevant, extra stages such as reuseremanufactureand recycle.
Another strategy for reducing environmental impact is the substitution of services for products, meaning that customers do not seek specific physical products, but rather the services provided by those products.